One of India’s worst local weather hotspots, Odisha experiences floods, cyclones, storms, droughts, amongst different pure disasters. With excessive climate situations, the 492 km stretch coast unfold throughout six coastal districts have seen heavy land erosion prior to now.

Kendrapara is among the many six districts in probably the most susceptible hotspots—specifically Pentha, Gahirmatha and Satabhya—that witness excessive erosion.

“The impression is so severe that for the reason that Seventies, 5 villages have washed away within the sea. The federal government relocated the villagers to neighbouring places. It’s not a brand new idea for locals. One of many recent cases is round 2017-18 when 5 villages from Satbhaya gram panchayat vanished from the map. Over 700 locals had been moved to Bagapatia village by the federal government,” says Bijay Kumar Kabi, an environmentalist.

Bijay says that the federal government tried to put in geosynthetic tubes to forestall soil erosion alongside the boundaries, nevertheless it couldn’t cease it. “No know-how can face up to the severity of the local weather. Solely nature can shield us from such devastation,” he provides.

Entrance of Badakot village. Credit score: Manish Kumar

Khirokot is one such village that was devoured by the ocean within the Seventies after an excellent cyclone precipitated heavy erosion. It precipitated villagers to shift to the close by Badakot village about 5 km from it. The village positioned between the mouth of the ocean and the brackish river began witnessing the identical phenomenon as a result of cyclones. The Bhitarkanika Nationwide Park lies adjoining to the settlement.

In 2008, Bijay visited Badakot, solely to be taught that about 300 meters throughout the two km coastal stretch had disappeared. The villagers had been as soon as once more staring on the similar fears and threats for his or her survival.

Nevertheless, 12 years of constant efforts put in by Bijay has scripted successful story. It has saved the village from land erosion. The huge activity was achieved by planting 15,000 mangroves to create the pure barrier in 25 acres of barren land. He shares with The Higher India about his Herculean feat.

Making a forest fence

The pure coastal forest acts as a robust fence to take the tough impression of maximum climate situations and prevents land erosion.

“We planted 15,000, however they’ve elevated to greater than 50,000 bushes through the years,” Bijay says with delight including, “Due to the honest efforts of the villagers who guarded the forest for years. The villagers now get up to the inexperienced forest with birds chirping and biodiversity flourishing within the habitat created with 32 species of mangroves.”

The mangrove ecosystem is flourishing with species like Avicnnia, Kandelia, Rhizora, amongst others. It has additionally turn out to be well-liked for wildlife sightings similar to one hyena, a wild boar, reptiles, and migratory birds.

The Mangrove forest acts as a fence between the river and village. Credit score: Manish Kumar

Bijay, a local of Kendrapara, belongs to a farming household and based the Motion for Safety of Wild Animals (APOWA) to work in the direction of wild animals and environmental points. Bijay discovered in regards to the threats confronted by the village and determined to help them with the conservation bid.

“I’ve been a witness to the wrath of environmental disasters and skilled its penalties all my life. I do know that mangroves are the one resolution to the issue. Many mangrove forests had been misplaced as a result of repeated disasters however its function in decreasing the impression of cyclones on human lives is significant,” he provides.

Citing an instance, he says, “In 1999, the tremendous cyclone killed 10,000 within the Jagatsinghpur district because the water swelled as much as 20 ft excessive. Even components of Kendrapara having mangroves misplaced 2,000 lives. The cyclone depth remained the identical in each the areas, however a lesser depth was skilled within the latter.” He provides that the incident made him and the locals realise the significance of mangroves.

He began mobilising locals and creating consciousness about mangroves and its plantation. Bijay shared seeds to create saplings. Nevertheless, it was not a easy expertise. “Folks didn’t imagine that planting mangroves will assist cut back the impression. It grew to become troublesome to persuade the villagers in regards to the function performed by forests to guard coasts. Furthermore, it was difficult to persuade the residents and make them imagine {that a} forest may very well be created by planting mangroves,” he provides.

Barren land turns into lush inexperienced forest

Dense Mangrove shields the village from impacts of cyclone. Credit score Manish Kumar.

The village folks, officers from the forest division and Bijay began the method of planting the forests. Because the work picked up, extra residents joined within the programme. “Folks began visiting and watched the work progress. Ultimately, villagers took an energetic half and even began working rotating shifts to guard the forest from damages and anthropogenic threats similar to tree felling. For seven lengthy years, the villagers put honest efforts by performing as a social fence for the forest. Mangroves develop slowly, and it was a protracted wait earlier than the outcomes grew to become seen,” he provides.

Bijay says that slowly because the grass began rising across the bushes and weeds flourished, it grew to become a wealthy supply of fodder for cattle. “The backwaters and river space close to the roots of mangroves grew to become fishing zones as fish bred in a conducive habitat. The villagers began producing a livelihood from it,” he provides.

As ecosystems thrived, the efforts began bearing outcomes. “The realm witnesses cyclones yearly. However there was no extra land erosion since 2016. The bushes have propagated to about 50,000, performing as a sturdy fence from heavy tides and cyclones,” he tells The Higher India.

‘Fears of dropping a village are misplaced’

“In 2000, the world the place the bushes stand was utterly barren. There was not a single wood stick within the neighborhood. The erosion of villages pressured migration and water getting into the homes throughout cyclones grew to become a typical phenomenon,” says Niranjan Swain, head of the village.

Fish breed on the roots of Mangrove and function technique of livelihood for fishermen. Credit score: Manish Kumar

Praising the efforts put by Bijay, Niranjan says, “We have no idea how the environmentalists managed to determine an enormous forest with no cash from the villagers. The villagers solely helped in planting at occasions.”

He provides that the efforts profit all because the bushes are inexperienced by the yr, the cool breeze retains the native temperatures low throughout summers, and riverside erosion stopped. “Our fears of dropping our village have vanished perpetually. The cyclone Fani in 2019 didn’t trigger any main injury to the village because the brunt of it was absorbed by the mangrove forest,” Niranjan provides.

Bijay says that the forest has matured through the years and residents from neighbouring villagers are approaching him wanting to duplicate the mannequin.

Nevertheless, Niranjan is frightened in regards to the unlawful tree chopping and exploitation of the forest sources by neighbouring villages.

The 70-year-old says, “I’m very previous now and doubtless have 10 years of life left, however I’ll shield the forest from threats till the final day of my life.”

Edited by Yoshita Rao


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